Experimental Condensed Matter and Material Science Group

AFM image, PL/ PLE spectra and theoretical results of self-assembled InGaAs QDs uncapped with GaAs layer

Transient setup and GaN:Co surface


Academic staff

Research staff


Prof. Xiaodong CUI
Prof. Aleksandra B. DJURIŠIĆ
Dr. Dong-Keun KI
Dr. Francis C.C. LING
Prof. Mao Hai XIE
Prof. Shijie XU


Dr. Ishaq AHMAD
Mr. Yitian BAO
Dr. Sabah BAQI
Dr. Yawei DAI
Dr. Guoyun GAO
Dr. Dong HUANG
Dr. Shuai RUAN
Mr. Chi Ming KAN
Mr. Tik Lun LEUNG
Mr. Dian LI
Ms. Sihua LI
Ms. Po Shan LO
Ms. Yingli SHI
Mr. Xiaorui WANG
Mr. Xiong WANG
Dr. Yipu XIA
Dr. Hongxia XUE
Dr. Junqiu ZHANG
Mr. Abdul-Khaleed (MPhil)
Mr. Kai FENG (PhD)
Miss Yanling HE (PhD)
Mr. Yuanjun JIN (PhD)
Miss Yin LI (PhD)
Miss Zhiyue LI (PhD)
Mr. Jingyang LIN (PhD)
Mr. Tianxiang LIN (PhD)
Mr. Qiye LIU (PhD)
Mr. Xinshun QIN (PhD)
Ms. Qing RAO (PhD)
Mr. Zhilin REN (PhD)
Miss Yingli SHI (PhD)
Miss Wenting SUN (PhD)
Miss Xinyu WANG (PhD)
Mr. Yantao WANG (PhD)
Mr. Yueyang WANG (PhD)
Ms. Jing YU (PhD)
Miss Mengfei YUAN (PhD)
Mr. Xingyu YUE (PhD)
Mr. Tianyu ZHANG (PhD)
Mr. Yi ZHANG (PhD)
Mr. Yu ZHANG (PhD)


Research Activities

The group's research activities include electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional materials, organic/inorganic nanocomposite optoelectronic devices, epitaxial thin films and surface properties of new quantum materials, defects and nanostructures in semiconductors, and semiconductor optics.

Prof. Cui’s lab focuses on optical and electrical properties of nanostructures and emerging semiconductors. The laboratory is equipped with a home-made confocal spectroscopy system, a time-resolved spectroscopy system and an electric charactering system. Current research’s emphases include characterizations and applications of low dimensional materials, particularly emerging low dimensional semiconductors. Recently we focus on optical properties of atomic 2 dimensional (2D) crystals, particularly atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD). We explore the interplay of electron’s spin, valley degrees of freedom and electron-electron interactions with semiconductor optics techniques.

Dr. Ki investigates quantum transport phenomena in various nano-electronic devices, realized by using state-of-art nano-fabrication and engineering techniques. We are equipped with electron-beam and optical lithography systems, different types of metal deposition chambers, reactive ion etcher, and home-made micro-manipulators to control and assemble small-size atomically thin crystals. For the transport measurement, we have two zero-field cryostats, one variable temperature insert (VTI) with 9-T superconducting magnet, and a dilution fridge with 14-T magnet (to be installed by 2020). We aim to discover new phenomena, understand their microscopic origins, and learn to control their properties. Materials of interest include graphene and 2D materials, topological insulators and superconductors, as they not only possess interesting electronic properties but also allow us to take various experimental routes to investigate or even engineer the properties. We are also interested in bridging the gap between the fundamental researches and real-life applications.

In this context, we are currently focusing on the topics below:
      (1) Quantum transport in graphene and 2D materials
      (2) ‘Designer’ electronic heterostructures and interfaces
      (3) New topological states of matter

More details can be found at http://www.physics.hku.hk/~dkkilab/

Prof. Xu’s researches are on optical properties of semiconductor nanostructures, including nonlinear optical properties, electronic structures, electron-phonon interactions, ultrafast phenomena, phonon and defect states in new semiconductor nanostructures such as self-assembled quantum dots, nanocrystals and new two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides. In addition, optoelectronic device applications of the semiconductor nanostructures are also our research interest. The materials being investigated by us include III-nitrides, SiC, traditional III-V and II-VI compound semiconductors as well as new 2D transition metal dichalcogenides. The laboratory is equipped with variable-temperature (4.2 K-300 K) photoluminescence system, scanning confocal micro-Raman image/spectroscopy system, variable- temperature (10 K-330 K) broadband (200 nm-1700 nm) emission/absorption/reflection spectroscopy, pump-probe based ultrafast (sub-ps) and gated integrator + boxcar averager based (20 ns to ms) time-resolved photoluminescence system, and newly-established low-temperature magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy with super high spectral resolution. Currently, a pump-probe based fs laser source + scanning confocal microscopy system is being implemented by us, which enables us optically investigate ultrafast quantum processes and even imagine such processes occurring in individual semiconductor nanostructures.

Further information of the group can be found at http://www.physics.hku.hk/~laser.

Prof. Djurišić’s research activities include fabrication and characterization of organic/inorganic halide perovskite optoelectronic devices (light emitting diodes and solar cells), as well as fabrication and characterization of wide band gap semiconductor nanostructures. The laboratory is equipped with fume cupboards, tube furnaces, spin-coater, two thermal evaporators for fabrication of optoelectronic devices, and E-beam/sputtering deposition system, while characterization facilities include UV/Vis/NIR spectrometers for characterization of light emitting diodes and experimental setups for power conversion efficiency and external quantum efficiency measurements for solar cells. The study of optoelectronic devices aims at improving the understanding of the operating principles and processes taking place at interfaces. The obtained results are then used for fabrication of devices with improved performance. The study of wide band gap nanostructures includes comprehensive investigation of influence of the fabrication conditions on structural and optical properties of the nanostructures, and exploring their possible use in energy and environmental applications.

Dr. Ling’s current focused interests of the Material Physics Laboratory include:
(1) Defects in semiconductors: characterizations and identifications, defects influence on materials electrical, optical and magnetic properties, defect control, defects at semiconductor junctions;
(2) Electrical and optical properties of semiconductor system: deep level transient spectroscopy, temperature dependent Hall measurement, IV and CV measurements, luminescence spectroscopy;
(3) Positron annihilation spectroscopic study of vacancy type defects: These research activities are performed with the positron beam line located at the electron LINAC ELBE, Helmoltz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf, Germany;
(4) Defects in functional oxides and wide band-gap materials: Tailoring electrical, optoelectronic, and magnetic properties of these materials via defect engineering.

The lab is equipped with specialised equipment such as Laplace transformed deep level transient spectroscopy system; Liquid nitrogen optical cryostat; 10 K liquid He free optical cryostat; Electrical characterization equipment: semiconductor parameter analyzer, multi-frequency LCR meter, pico- ammeter, electrometer, and etc.; Photoluminescence system: 30 mW HeCd laser, 500 mm monochrometer, PMT and CCD detecting system; UV-visible spectrophotometer; Radio frequency magnetron sputtering system; Pulsed laser deposition system; Chemical vapor deposition system; Electron beam evaporator; Thermal evaporator; Tube furnace and box furnace. Big “off campus” equipment accessible to our students and staff: Positron beam time at the electron LINAC ELBE in the Center for High-Power Radiation Sources, Helmoltz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf (HZDR), Germany for positron annihilation spectroscopic (PAS) study.

Prof. Xie’s research aims at understanding the processes and properties that occur at the boundary of materials - surface. Current researches focus on the growth and surface characterizations of low-dimensional materials, such as transition-metal dichalcogenides and their hetero-structures. We use molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE), one of the most versatile techniques to grow materials with precise control, to fabricate new quantum materials and artificial structures with single atomic layer precision. We characterize the structural and electronic properties by surface tools such as scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/S) and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS).

Some Representative Publications

(For the complete publication list of the department, please go back to Research.)


Prof. X.D. Cui

  1. "Manipulating spin-polarized photocurrents in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides", L. Xie, X. Cui, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113, 14, 3746-3750 (2016)
  2. “Anomalously robust valley polarization and valley coherence in bilayer WS2”, B. Zhu, H.L.Zeng, J.F. Dai, Z.R. Gong and X.D. Cui, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 111, 11606-11611 (2014) 
  3. "Optical signature of symmetry variations and spin-valley coupling in atomically thin tungsten dichalcogenides", H. Zeng, G.B. Liu, J. Dai, Y. Yan, B. Zhu, R. He, L. Xie, S. Xu, X. Chen, W. Yao and X.D. Cui, Scientific Reports, 3, 1068 (2013) 
  4. "Valley polarization in MoS2 monolayers by optical pumping", H.L. Zeng, J.F. Dai, W. Yao, D. Xiao and X.D. Cui, Nature Nanotechnology, 7, 490-493 (2012) 
  5. “Magnetoelectric Photocurrent Generated by Direct Interband Transitions in InGaAs/InAlAs Two-Dimensional Electron Gas”, J.F. Dai, H.F. Lu, C.L. Yang, S.Q. Shen, F.C. Zhang and X.D. Cui; Physical Review Letters, 104, 246601 (2010) 
  6. “Observation of exciton-phonon sideband in individual metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes”, H.L. Zeng, H.B. Zhao, F.C. Zhang and X.D. Cui, Physical Review Letters, 102, 136406 (2009) 


Prof. A.B. Djurišić

  1. “Cesium Doped NiOx as an Efficient Hole Extraction Layer for Inverted Planar Perovskite Solar Cells”, W. Chen, F.Z. Liu, X.Y. Feng, A.B. Djurišić, W.K. Chan, Z.B. He, Advanced Energy Materials, 1700722 (2017) 
  2. “Is excess PbI2 beneficial for perovskite solar cell performance?”, F. Z. Liu, Q. Dong, M. K. Wong, A. B. Djurišić, A. Ng, Z. W. Ren, Q. Shen, C. Surya, W. K. Chan, J. Wang, A. M. C. Ng, C. Z. Liao, H. K. Li, K. M. Shih, C. R. Wei, H. M. Su, and J. F. Dai, Advanced Energy Materials, 6, 1502206 (2016)
  3. “Hydrothermally synthesized CuxO as a catalyst for CO oxidation”, M.Y. Guo, F.Z. Liu, J.K. Tsui, A.A. Voskanyan, A.M.C. Ng, A.B. Djurišić, W.K. Chan, K.Y. Chan, C.Z. Liao, K.M. Shih and C. Surya, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3, 3627-3632 (2015)
  4. “Mechanisms of Antibacterial Activity of MgO: Non-ROS Mediated Toxicity of MgO Nanoparticles Towards Escherichia coli”, Y.H. Leung, A.M.C. Ng, X.Y. Xu, Z.Y. Shen, L.A. Gethings, M.T. Wong, C.M.N. Chan, M.Y. Guo, Y.H. Ng, A.B. Djurišić, P.K.H. Lee, W.K. Chan, L.H. Yu, D.L. Phillips, A.P.Y. Ma and F.C.C. Leung, Small, 10, 1171-1183 (2014)
  5. “In situ synthesis of CuxO/SnOx/CNT and CuxO/SnOx/SnO2/CNT nanocomposite anodes for lithium ion batteries by a simple chemical treatment process”, X. Liu, F. Z. Liu, Q. Sun, A. M. C. Ng, A. B. Djurišić, M. H. Xie, C. Z. Liao, K. M. Shih,ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces , 6, 13478-13486 (2014)


Dr. D.K. Ki

  1. “A family of finite-temperature electronic phase transitions in graphene multilayers", Y. Nam, D.K. Ki, D. Soler-Delgado, and A.F. Morpurgo, Science, 362, 324 (2018)


Dr. F.C.C. Ling

  1. “Thermal evolution of defects in undoped zinc oxide grown by pulsed laser deposition”, Zilan Wang, Shichen Su, Francis Chi-Chung Ling, W. Anwand, and A. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys., 116, 033508 (2014)
  2. “Impedance analysis of secondary phases in a Co-implanted ZnO single crystal”, M. Younas, L. L. Zou, M. Nadeem, Naeem-ur-Rehman, S. C. Su, Z. L. Wang, W. Anwand, A. Wagner, J. H. Hao, C. W. Leung, R. Lortz, and F. C. C. Ling, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 16030 (2014)
  3. “Low-threshold lasing action in an asymmetric double ZnO/ZnMgO quantum well structure”, S.C. Su, H. Zhu, L.X. Zhang, M. He, L.Z. Zhao, S.F. Yu, J.N. Wang and F. C.C. Ling, Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 131104 (2013)
  4. “Current transport studies of ZnO/p-Si heterostructures grown by plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition”, X. D. Chen, C. C. Ling, S. Fung, C. D. Beling, Y. F. Mei, Ricky K. Y. Fu, G. G. Siu, Paul K. Chu,Appl. Phys. Lett., 88, 132104 (2006)
  5. “Low energy electron irradiation induced deep level defects in 6H-SiC: The implication for the microstructure of the deep levels E1/E2”, X.D. Chen, C.L. Yang, M. Gong, W.K. Ge, S. Fung, C.D. Beling, J.N. Wang, M.K. Lui and C.C. LingPhys. Rev. Lett., 92, 125504 (2004)


Prof. M.H. Xie

  1. "Hole doping in epitaxial MoSe2 monolayer by nitrogen plasma treatment”, Yipu Xia, Bo Wang, Junqiu Zhang, Yue Feng, Bin Li, Xibiao Ren, Hao Tian, Jinpeng Xu, Wingkin Ho, Hu Xu, Chang Liu, Chuanhong Jin, and Maohai Xie, 2D Mater. 5, 041005 (2018)
  2. "One-dimensional phosphorus chain and two-dimensional blue phosphorene grown on Au (111) by molecular-beam epitaxy", J.P. Xu, J.Q. Zhang, H. Tian, H. Xu, W.K. Ho, M.H. Xie. Phys. Rev. Mater., 1, 061002(R)(2017)
  3. "Inversion Domain Boundary Induced Stacking and Bandstructure Diversity in Bilayer MoSe2", J.H. Hong, C. Wang, H.J. Liu, X.B. Ren, J.L. Chen, G. Wang, J.F. Jia, M.H. Xie, C.H. Jin, W. Ji, J. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Nano Letter, 17, 11, 6653-6660 (2017)
  4. "Quantum effects and phase tuning in epitaxial hexagonal and monoclinic MoTe2 monolayers”, J. Chen, G.Y. Wang, Y.A. Tang, H. Tian, J. Xu, X.Q. Dai, H. Xu, J.F. Jia, W.K. Ho, M.H. Xie, ACS Nano, 11, 3282 (2017)
  5. “Observation of intervalley quantum interference in epitaxial monolayer tungsten diselenide”, H.J. Liu, J.L. Chen, H.Y. Yu, F. Yang, L. Jiao, G.B. Liu, W.K. Ho, C.L. Gao, J.F. Jia, W. Yao, M.H. XieNat. Comm., 6, 8180 (2015)
  6. “Line and point defects in MoSe2 bilayer studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy”, H.J. Liu, H. Zheng, F. Yang, L. Jiao, J.L. Chen, W.K. Ho, C.L. Gao, J.F. Jia, M.H. Xie, ACS Nano., 9, 6619 (2015)
  7. “Molecular-beam epitaxy of monolayer and bilayer WSe2: a scanning tunneling microscopy / spectroscopy study and deduction of exciton binding energy”, H.J. Liu, L. Jiao, L. Xie, F. Yang, J.L. Chen, W.K. Ho, C.L. Gao, J.F. Jia, X.D. Cui, M.H. Xie, 2D Mater.2, 034004 (2015)
  8. “Dense network of one-dimensional midgap metallic modes in monolayer MoSe2 and their spatial undulations”, H.J. Liu, L. Jiao, F. Yang, Y. Cai, X. Wu, W.K. Ho, C.L. Gao, J.F. Jia, N. Wang, H. Fan, W. Yao, M.H. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett., 113, 066105 (2014)


Prof. S.J. Xu

  1. “Luminescence landscapes of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond: quasi-localized vibrational resonances and selective coupling”, Zhicheng Su, Zeyang Ren, Yitian Bao, Xiangzhou Lao, Jinfeng Zhang, Jincheng Zhang, Deliang Zhu, Youming Lu, Yue Hao and Shijie Xu, in press in Journal of Materials Chemistry C (2019)
  2. “Effective lifetimes of minority carriers in time-resolved photocurrent and photoluminescence of a doped semiconductor: Modelling of a GaInP solar cell”, Z.C. Su, and S.J. Xu, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 193, 292 (2019)
  3. “Luminescence and thermal behaviors of free and trapped excitons in cesium lead halide perovskite nanosheets”, Xiangzhou Lao, Zhi Yang, Zhicheng Su, Zilan Wang, Honggang Ye, Minqiang Wang, Xi Yao, and Shijie Xu, Nanoscale 10, 9949 (2018)
  4. “Effective Photon Recycling and Super Long Lived Minority Carriers in GaInP/GaAs Heterostructure Solar Cell: A Time-Resolved Optical Study”, Z. C. Su, Shijie Xu, X. H. Wang, J. Q. Ning, Rongxin Wang, Shulong Lu, Jianrong Dong, and Hui Yang, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 8, 820 (2018)
  5. “Understanding and manipulating luminescence in carbon nanodots”, Z. C. Su, H. G. Ye, Z. Xiong, Q. Lou, Z. Zhang, F. Tang, J. Y. Tang, J. Y. Dai, C. X. Shan, and S. J. Xu, Carbon 126, 58 (2018)
  6. “Luminescence Anisotropy and Thermal Effect of Magnetic and Electric Dipole Transitions of Cr3+ Ions in Yb: YAG Transparent Ceramic”, Fei Tang, Honggang Ye, Zhicheng Su, Yitian Bao, Wang Guo, and Shijie Xu, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, 43790 (2017)
  7. “Extinction of the zero-phonon line and the first-order phonon sideband in excitonic luminescence of ZnO at room temperature: the self-absorption effect”, Honggang Ye, Zhicheng Su, Fei Tang, Changcheng Zheng, Guangde Chen, Jian Wang, and Shijie Xu, Science Bulletin 62, 1525 (2017)
  8. “Electroluminescence Probe of Internal Processes of Carriers in GaInP Single Junction Solar Cell”, Z.C. Su, S.J. Xu, R.X. Wang, J.Q. Ning, J.R. Dong, S.L. Lu, and H. Yang, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 168, 201 (2017).
  9. “A generalized model for time-resolved luminescence of localized carriers and applications: Dispersive thermodynamics of localized carriers”, Zhicheng Su and Shijie Xu, Scientific Reports 7, 13 (2017)
  10. “Triplet harvesting in luminescent Cu(I) complexes by thermally activated luminescence mechanism transition: Impact of molecular structure”, Z.C. Su, C.C. Zheng, G. Cheng, C.-M. Che, and S.J. Xu, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 5, 4488 (2017)
  11. “Excitation Dependent Phosphorous Property and New Model of the Structured Green Luminescence in ZnO”, Honggang Ye, Zhicheng Su, Fei Tang, Mingzheng Wang, Guangde Chen, Jian Wang, and Shijie Xu, Scientific Reports 7, 41460 (2017)

For details, please refer to the Homepage of Laser Spectroscopy Lab

Last updated on 27 September 2021